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Go Keywords

In Go (Golang), keywords are reserved words with specific meanings and functionalities within the language. They are part of the Go syntax and serve as building blocks for creating programs. As keywords have predefined purposes in Go, you cannot use them as identifiers (variable names, function names, etc.).

Here is a list of all the keywords in Go:

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Go – Program Structure

In Go (Golang), a program is composed of packages, and each package consists of one or more Go source files. The main package is a special package that serves as the entry point for executing a Go program. Let’s explore the basic structure of a Go program:

// Package declaration
package main

// Import statements (if required)
import "fmt"

// Main function, the entry point of the program
func main() {
    // Program logic and code execution start here
    fmt.Println("Hello, Go!")
}

Package Declaration: Every Go source file begins with a package declaration. The package declaration determines to which package the file belongs. The main package is used for executable programs, while other packages are typically used for creating reusable code or libraries.

Import Statements: If your program needs functionality from other packages, you import them using the import statement. In the example above, we import the “fmt” package to use the Println function.

Main Function: The main function is a special function in the main package, and it serves as the entry point of the program. When you run a Go program, the execution starts from the main function. All Go programs must have a main function.

Program Logic: The main function contains the actual logic and code that your program will execute. In the example above, we use fmt.Println() to print “Hello, Go!” to the console.

It’s important to note that Go is a statically typed language, meaning you need to declare the type of variables explicitly. Also, Go uses curly braces {} to define code blocks, and statements within a block must be indented consistently.

In addition to the main function, you can define other functions and variables within a package. The naming convention in Go follows the rule that a name starting with a capital letter is exported (public), and a name starting with a lowercase letter is unexported (private) and only accessible within the package.

That’s the basic structure of a Go program. You can build upon this foundation to create more complex applications and leverage the power of Go’s features like concurrency, interfaces, and more. Happy coding!

Comments in go lang

In Go (Golang), you can add comments to your code to provide explanations, documentation, or notes for yourself and other developers. Comments in Go are used to make the code more understandable and maintainable.

There are two types of comments in Go:

Single-Line Comments: To add a single-line comment, use // followed by the comment text. Everything after // on the same line will be considered a comment and will not be executed by the Go compiler.
Example:

package main

import "fmt"

func main() {
    // This is a single-line comment
    fmt.Println("Hello, Go!")
}

Multi-Line Comments: To add multi-line comments, use /* to start the comment and / to end it. Everything between / and */ will be considered a comment.
Example:

package main

import "fmt"

func main() {
    /*
    This is a multi-line comment.
    It can span across multiple lines.
    */
    fmt.Println("Hello, Go!")
}

Comments are essential for documenting your code, explaining the purpose of functions, variables, and providing additional context. They are also useful when collaborating with other developers or when revisiting your own code after some time.

Remember that comments do not affect the behavior of the program; they are purely for human readability. So, feel free to add comments liberally to make your Go code more readable and maintainable. Happy coding!

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