To install Go (Golang) on Windows, follow these steps:
Download Go: Go to the official Go website at https://golang.org/dl/ and download the latest stable version of Go for Windows. Choose the installer that matches your operating system (32-bit or 64-bit).
Run the Installer: Once the download is complete, run the downloaded installer. The installer will guide you through the installation process.
Choose Installation Location: During the installation, you’ll be asked to choose an installation location for Go. The default location is usually fine, but you can choose a different location if you prefer.
Set Environment Variables: After the installation is complete, you need to set the Go-specific environment variables to use Go from the command prompt.
Open the Start menu and search for “Environment Variables.”
Click on “Edit the system environment variables” to open the System Properties window.
Click the “Environment Variables” button at the bottom of the window.
Under “System variables,” click “New” to add a new environment variable.
For the “Variable name,” enter GOROOT.
For the “Variable value,” enter the path where Go is installed. For example, C:\Go (if you installed it in the default location). Next, add the Go binary path to the PATH environment variable:
Find the “Path” variable under “System variables” and click “Edit.”
Click “New” and add the path to the Go bin directory. By default, it is C:\Go\bin. If you installed Go in a different location, use that path.
Verify Installation: Open a new command prompt window and type go version. If everything is set up correctly, it should display the installed Go version.
To install Go (Golang) on a Linux system, you can use the following steps:
Go, also known as Golang, is an open-source programming language developed by Google. It was created by Robert Griesemer, Rob Pike, and Ken Thompson and first announced in 2009. Go is designed to be efficient, reliable, and easy to use. It aims to provide the benefits of a statically typed language like safety and performance, along with the ease of use and productivity typically found in dynamically typed languages.
Key features of Go include:
Simplicity: Go has a clean and straightforward syntax, making it easy to read and write code.
Concurrency: Go has built-in support for concurrency with goroutines and channels, making it efficient in handling concurrent tasks.
Speed: Go is compiled to machine code, which results in faster execution times compared to interpreted languages.
Garbage Collection: Go has automatic memory management through garbage collection, which helps developers focus on writing code rather than managing memory.
Strong Typing: Go is statically typed, which means type checking is done at compile-time, catching errors early in the development process.
Cross-Platform: Go is designed to be portable and is available on various platforms, including Windows, macOS, and Linux.
Standard Library: Go comes with a rich standard library that includes packages for various purposes, such as networking, file I/O, and cryptography.